Coins of al-Andalus Tonegawa collection
Caliphate









Hisham II 1st reign (al-Mu'ayyad)  366-399/976-1009                                      هشام المؤيد بألله

Dinars


1.jpg (61191 bytes)

Andalus
368H
3.64gr 23mm
Vives 502 

 

2.jpg (60648 bytes)

Andalus
377H
4.68gr 23mm
Miles 278b but with "fi", Frochoso pg.72, this coin. 


Andalus
379H
4.32gr 23mm
Vives 509 


Andalus
380H
4.62gr 23mm
Vives 511 


Andalus
383H
4.14gr 23mm
Vives 516 
6.jpg (56649 bytes)

Andalus
385H
4.12gr 22mm
Miles 305a 
7.jpg (68558 bytes)

Andalus 386H 4.72gr. 25mm.
Vives 529. 

1/3 dinar
Andalus
386H
1.06gr 14mm
Vives 530 


Andalus
388H
3.70gr 22mm
Vives 537


Andalus
389H
4.28gr 24mm
Vives 540
11.jpg (55889 bytes)

Andalus
390H
3.56gr 22mm
Vives 543


Andalus
390H
4.32gr 23mm
Vives 555
13.jpg (55851 bytes)

Andalus
391H
3.88gr 22mm
Vives 547
14.jpg (63282 bytes)

Andalus
392H
3.94gr 24mm
Miles 322i  *
15.jpg (49431 bytes)

Andalus
392H
5.25gr 22mm
Frochoso 392.20.D
16.jpg (62044 bytes)

Andalus
393H
4.26gr 23mm
Vives 576
17.jpg (53689 bytes)

Andalus
394H
3.58gr 23mm
Vives 578
18.jpg (56701 bytes)

Andalus
395H
3.26gr 23mm
Miles 328a
19.jpg (51610 bytes)

Andalus
396H
3.46gr 21mm
Miles 332b


Andalus
397H
3.96gr 23mm
Miles 335b
21.jpg (65123 bytes)

Andalus
398H
4.32gr 24mm
Vives 591


Andalus
399H
4.12gr 23mm
Vives 593

This very rare and historically important dinar was actually struck by ´Abd al-Rahman "el Sanchuelo" the youngest son of al Mansur. In the I.A ´Abd al Rahman names as khadjib his infant son ´Abd al -´Azziz. This absurd appointment and his own claim to the succession after Hisham II was the spark that started the Cordoba revolution or "fitna" which rapidly lead to the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate and the start of the turbulent Taifa period.

 

Struck by the Umayyads in Madinat Fas.



Madinat Fas
389H
4.07gr 23mm
III Jarique, pg. 319, nº 10. This coin.

The 'Abd Allah in I.A is 'Abd Allah ibn Yahya ibn Abi 'Amir a nephew of al-Mansur. This unique dinar is the only specimen known for this mint during whole period of its control by the Umayyads.

 


Sidjilmasa
(date not readable)
3.96gr 19mm
type Vives 668 but "wazin" on I.A.
North African dinar with nominal recognition of Hisham II and al-Mansur ibn Abi 'Amir.

Dirhams


a1.jpg (83391 bytes)
Andalus
366H
3.18gr 26mm
Vives 498
a2.jpg (70220 bytes)
Andalus
366H
3.72gr 24mm
Vives 498
a3.jpg (72760 bytes)
Andalus
366H
2.68gr 24mm
Miles 263(j)
"fi" before " sanata"
a4.jpg (77629 bytes)
Andalus
366H
3.22gr 25mm
Vives 526
a5.jpg (76011 bytes)
Andalus
367H
3.28gr 24mm
Vives 500
a6.jpg (73572 bytes)
Andalus
367H
2.46gr 24mm
Vives 500
a7.jpg (80177 bytes)
Andalus
367H
2.56gr 25mm
Vives 525
a8.jpg (105865 bytes)
Andalus
367H
3.56gr 28mm
Of note is large module as
Vives. 501, Miles 264(j) but with "fi" before "sanata".
a9.jpg (59990 bytes)
Andalus
368H
3.52gr 23mm
Vives 503
a10.jpg (73978 bytes)
Andalus
369H
2.93gr 23mm
Vives 504
a11.jpg (70692 bytes)
Andalus
370H
3.44gr 23mm
Vives 505
a12.jpg (67306 bytes)
Andalus
371H
3.82gr 23mm
Vives
506 
There is an interesting hiatus in the coinage of al-Andalus from the year 372 to 376 inclusive were no coins seem to have been struck. ( Miles's references for the years 372, 373, 374, 375 and 379 - his numbers 272, 274, 275, 276 & 277 respectively are to be prudently discarded as very dubious indirect references of which, to date, none have ever been confirmed.)

From the events registered in the historical chronicles of those years there is no event or combination of them which would in any way justify the closure of the mint for five years. Was it then deemed that there were too many coins in circulation?

a13.jpg (84310 bytes)
Andalus
377H
2.44gr 24mm
Miles 278 (h)
a14.jpg (87263 bytes)
Andalus
378H
3.18gr 25mm
Vives 508
a15.jpg (83163 bytes)
Andalus
379H
3.22gr 25mm 
Vives 510
Some of the dirhams of 379H, similar to the following two, were mistakenly classified as of 399H by Miles ( see his numbers 340 (c)- (n). Even though the somewhat fancy epigraphy of the second digit, with the decreasing strokes of the initial "sin" fusing into the "ba", could be somewhat confusing the sudden and unique re-appearance, at this late a date, of 'Amir on the I.A should have been enough to give the initial reading a second thought.
a16.jpg (84199 bytes)
Andalus
379H
3.08gr 24mm
Vives 510
a17.jpg (81225 bytes)
Andalus
379H
2.72gr 25mm
Vives 510
a18.jpg (85445 bytes)
Andalus
380H
3.90gr 25mm
Vives 512
a19.jpg (84470 bytes)
Andalus
380H
3.88gr 24mm
Vives 512
a20.jpg (95581 bytes)
Andalus
380H
3.02gr 25mm
Vives 512
a21.jpg (104701 bytes)
Andalus
381H
3.08gr 26mm
Vives 514
a22.jpg (89769 bytes)
Andalus
381H
3.16gr 25mm
Vives 514
a23.jpg (90833 bytes)
Andalus
381H
2.64gr 25mm
Vives 514
a24.jpg (91899 bytes)
Andalus
382H
2.92gr 24mm
Vives 515
a25.jpg (84563 bytes)
Andalus
382H
2.82gr 24mm
Vives 515
a26.jpg (86730 bytes)
Andalus
383H
2.84gr 24mm
Vives 517
a27.jpg (78082 bytes)
Andalus
383H
3.92gr 23mm
Vives 517
a28.jpg (76786 bytes)
Andalus
383H
2.84gr 24mm
Vives 517
a29.jpg (72680 bytes)
Andalus
383H
3.00gr 23mm
Date on IIA otherwise as Vives. 517
a30.jpg (76835 bytes)
Andalus
384H
3.76gr 25mm
Vives 519
a31.jpg (77396 bytes)
Andalus
384H
2.56gr 23mm
Vives 519
a32.jpg (75157 bytes)
Andalus
385H
2.80gr 25mm
Vives 520
a33.jpg (73648 bytes)
Andalus
385H
3.54gr 23mm
Vives 520
a34.jpg (80032 bytes)
Andalus
386H
3.88gr 23mm
Vives 521
a35.jpg (86691 bytes)
Andalus
386H
2.76gr 25mm
Vives 531
a36.jpg (87369 bytes)
Andalus
386H
2.78gr 25mm
Vives 531
a37.jpg (90260 bytes)
Andalus
387H
3.26gr 25mm
Vives 533
a38.jpg (80828 bytes)
Andalus
387H
3.26gr 25mm
Vives 533
a39.jpg (91362 bytes)
Andalus
387H
3.26gr 25mm
Vives 536
a40.jpg (99195 bytes)
Andalus
387H
3.26gr 25mm
Vives 536
The following four coins (nº 41-44) are quite atypical for this period and were, as such, set apart by
Vives. They all lack the obligatory "´Amir" on the II.A and the name of the mint master on the I.A. There seems to be no reasonable explanation for this double omition.
a41.jpg (74164 bytes)
Andalus
387H
3.14gr 23mm
Vives 595
a42.jpg (67166 bytes)
Andalus
387H
3.06gr 22mm
Vives 595
a43.jpg (81137 bytes)
Andalus
388H
2.60gr 24mm
Vives 596
a44.jpg (76210 bytes)
Andalus
388H
2.42gr 23mm
Vives 596
a45.jpg (100409 bytes)
Andalus
388H
3.48gr 24mm
Vives 538
a46.jpg (98057 bytes)
Andalus
388H
3.00gr 24mm
Vives 538
a47.jpg (107984 bytes)
Andalus
388H
2.86gr 26mm
Vives 538
a48.jpg (98882 bytes)
Andalus
388H
2.82gr 23mm
Vives 538
a49.jpg (104670 bytes)
Andalus
388H
2.90gr 25mm
Vives 538
a50.jpg (108236 bytes)
Andalus
388H
2.74gr 24mm
Vives 538
a51.jpg (107766 bytes)
Andalus
389H
3.48gr 25mm
Vives 541
a52.jpg (108726 bytes)
Andalus
389H
3.06gr 26mm
Vives 541
a53.jpg (102586 bytes)
Andalus
389H
2.62gr 24mm
Vives 541
a54.jpg (92448 bytes)
Andalus
389H
3.30gr 25mm
Vives 541
a55.jpg (104493 bytes)
Andalus
389H
3.26gr 25mm
Vives 553
a56.jpg (111017 bytes)
Andalus
389H
3.24gr 25mm
Vives 564
a57.jpg (102036 bytes)
Andalus
390H
3.00gr 23mm
Vives 545
a58.jpg (91906 bytes)
Andalus
390H
3.02gr 22mm
Vives 545
a59.jpg (88766 bytes)
Andalus
390H
3.24gr 22mm
Vives 545
a60.jpg (84732 bytes)
Andalus
390H
3.48gr 24mm
Vives 545
a61.jpg (85931 bytes)
Andalus
390H
2.86gr 24mm
Vives 545
a62.jpg (93957 bytes)
Andalus
390H
3.34gr 24mm
Vives 545
a63.jpg (81637 bytes)
Andalus
390H
3.90gr 23mm
Vives 556
a64.jpg (87849 bytes)
Andalus
391H
3.44gr 25mm
Vives 549
a65.jpg (73037 bytes)
Andalus
391H
2.90gr 22mm
Vives 549
a66.jpg (73811 bytes)
Andalus
391H
3.00gr 23mm
Vives 549
a67.jpg (75780 bytes)
Andalus
391H
2.56gr 24mm
Vives 549
a68.jpg (85560 bytes)
Andalus
391H
3.02gr 23mm
Vives 558
a69.jpg (90826 bytes)
Andalus
391H
3.24gr 23mm
Vives 567

Andalus
391H
2.84 gr 23mm
Frochoso 391.196 ?
a70.jpg (100969 bytes)
Andalus
392H
3.01gr 23mm
Vives
569
a71.jpg (91553 bytes)
Andalus
392H
3.18gr 23mm
Vives 569
a72.jpg (91274 bytes)
Andalus
392H
2.96gr 23mm
Vives 569
a73.jpg (85500 bytes)
Andalus
392H
3.24gr 23mm
Vives 569
a74.jpg (94403 bytes)
Andalus
392H
3.60gr 24mm
Vives 569
a75.jpg (92736 bytes)
Andalus
392H
2.74gr 24mm
Vives 569
a76.jpg (84600 bytes)
Andalus
392H
2.58gr 24mm
Vives 572
a77.jpg (95641 bytes)
Andalus
392H
2.95gr 24mm
Vives 573
a78.jpg (86699 bytes)
Andalus
393H
3.54gr 24mm
Vives 577
a79.jpg (113229 bytes)
Andalus
393H
3.40gr 23mm
Vives 577
a80.jpg (118398 bytes)
Andalus
393H
3.64gr 23mm
Vives 577
a81.jpg (83685 bytes)
Andalus
394H
3.54gr 23mm
Vives 580
a82.jpg (74439 bytes)
Andalus
394H
3.41gr 23mm
Vives 580
a83.jpg (83229 bytes)
Andalus
395H
3.43gr 23mm
Vives 587
a84.jpg (92101 bytes)
Andalus
395H
2.96gr 24mm
Vives 581
a85.jpg (90541 bytes)
Andalus
395H
2.81gr 23mm
Vives 581
a86.jpg (80278 bytes)
Andalus
395H
3.72gr 24mm
Vives 581
a87.jpg (87591 bytes)
Andalus
395H
3.22gr 23mm
Vives 581
a88.jpg (89162 bytes)
Andalus
396H
3.60gr 23mm
Vives 583
a89.jpg (78593 bytes)
Andalus
396H
3.84gr 23mm
Vives 583
a90.jpg (84250 bytes)
Andalus
396H
3.60gr 23mm
Vives 583
a91.jpg (79797 bytes)
Andalus
396H
3.36gr 23mm
Vives 588
a92.jpg (69724 bytes)
Andalus
396H
3.10gr 23mm
Vives 588
a93.jpg (77762 bytes)
Andalus
397H
3.44gr 23mm 
Vives 590
a94.jpg (83719 bytes)
Andalus
397H
2.78gr 23mm 
Vives 590
a95.jpg (78728 bytes)
Andalus
397H
3.32gr 23mm 
Vives 590
a96.jpg (78617 bytes)
Andalus
397H
3.20gr 23mm 
Vives 590
a97.jpg (77510 bytes)
Andalus
397H
3.38gr 23mm 
Vives 589
a98.jpg (95344 bytes)
Andalus
398H
3.16gr 25mm 
Vives 592
a99.jpg (81671 bytes)
Andalus
398H
2.86gr 24mm 
Vives 592
a100.jpg (82126 bytes)
Andalus
398H
3.36gr 24mm 
Vives 592
a101.jpg (78309 bytes)
Andalus
398H
4.23gr 24mm 
Vives 592
a102.jpg (76015 bytes)
Andalus
398H
3.36gr 24mm 
Vives 592 
a103.jpg (74712 bytes)
Andalus
399H
2.48gr 24mm 
Vives 594
a104.jpg (80164 bytes)
Andalus
399H
2.74gr 24mm 
Vives 594
For the above two coins see note on a dinar of the same ruler and date
 

Dirhams struck by the Umayyads in Madinat Fas.

f1.jpg (83418 bytes)
Madinat Fas
377H
2.00gr 21mm 
Vives 600
f2.jpg (96235 bytes)
Madinat Fas
377H
2.58gr 22mm 
Vives 600
f3.jpg (65432 bytes)
Madinat Fas
377H
2.00gr 20mm 
No reference.
f4.jpg (90167 bytes)
Madinat Fas
379H
2.36gr 21mm 
Vives 602
f5.jpg (104833 bytes)

Madinat Fas
380H
3.26gr 21mm 
Vives 606
f6.jpg (101709 bytes)

Madinat Fas
381H
2.88gr 22mm 
Vives 607
f7.jpg (87220 bytes)
(no mint)
381H
2.48gr 21mm
f8.jpg (102549 bytes)

Madinat Fas
382H
2.46gr 21mm 
Miles 296
f9.jpg (88546 bytes)
Madinat Fas
382H
3.12gr 23mm 
Miles 296
f10.jpg (94170 bytes)
Madinat Fas
383H
2.70gr 23mm 
Vives 608
f11.jpg (94806 bytes)
Madinat Fas
383H
4.08gr 24mm
Vives 608
f12.jpg (95762 bytes)
Madinat Fas
384H
2.30gr 24mm 
Vives 609
f13.jpg (76125 bytes)
Madinat Fas
385H
3.18gr 24mm 
Vives 610
f14.jpg (71049 bytes)
Madinat Fas
385H
3.54gr 24mm 
Vives 610
f15.jpg (65112 bytes)
Madinat Fas
385H
4.16gr 22mm 
Vives 610
f16.jpg (84933 bytes)
Madinat Fas
386H
3.56gr 24mm 
Vives 611
f17.jpg (82766 bytes)
Madinat Fas
386H
3.72gr 25mm 
Vives 611
f18.jpg (59184 bytes)
Madinat Fas
387H
3.16gr 23mm 
Vives 613
f19.jpg (85065 bytes)
Madinat Fas
387H
3.14gr 24mm 
Vives 613
f20.jpg (67573 bytes)
Madinat Fas
388H
3.22gr 22mm 
Vives 618 
f21.jpg (64540 bytes)
Madinat Fas
388H
3.34gr 21mm 
Vives 618
f22.jpg (62201 bytes)
Madinat Fas
389H
3.74gr 25mm 
Vives 614
f23.jpg (86272 bytes)
Madinat Fas
389H
3.02gr 25mm 
Vives 614

Madinat Fas
389H
3.41gr 25mm 
Vives 614
The above coins were struck by Ziri ibn 'Atiya in rebelion against al-Mansur ibn Abi 'Amir. In it the nominal ruler, Hisham II, is recognized while the name 'Amir is deleted.
f24.jpg (73865 bytes)
Madinat Fas
389H
4.64gr 25mm 
Vives 621
f25.jpg (97712 bytes)
Madinat Fas
389H
4.01gr 24mm 
Vives 621
f26.jpg (76040 bytes)
Madinat Fas
390H
2.88gr 22mm 
Vives 629
f27.jpg (66354 bytes)
Madinat Fas
390H
2.38gr 21mm 
Vives 625
f28.jpg (78748 bytes)
Madinat Fas
390H
3.10gr 21mm 
Vives 625
f29.jpg (85982 bytes)
Madinat Fas
391H
1.86gr 24mm 
Vives 626
f30.jpg (82397 bytes)
Madinat Fas
391H
3.82gr 25mm 
Vives 626
f31.jpg (70405 bytes)
Madinat Fas
392H
3.36gr 24mm 
Vives 628
f32.jpg (67874 bytes)
Madinat Fas
392H
2.42gr 23mm 
Vives 615
f33.jpg (77822 bytes)
Madinat Fas
392H
2.66gr 23mm 
Vives 615
f34.jpg (67985 bytes)
Madinat Fas
392H
3.22gr 23mm 
Vives 615
f35.jpg (85465 bytes)
Madinat Fas
393H?
3.48gr 24mm
'Abd al-Malik in II.A.
f36.jpg (69845 bytes)
Madinat Fas
393H
2.62gr 23mm
'Abd al-Malik in II.A. & al-Mu'izz in I.A.
f37.jpg (75230 bytes)
Madinat Fas
394H
3.54gr 24mm 
Vives 637
f38.jpg (88509 bytes)
Madinat Fas
394H
3.32gr 24mm 
Vives 637
f39.jpg (81971 bytes)
Madinat Fas
394H
2.40gr 23mm 
Vives 640
f40.jpg (82900 bytes)
Madinat Fas
394H?
3.10gr 24mm
No reference, but same distribution as Vives 638
f41.jpg (97246 bytes)
Madinat Fas
395H
2.96gr 25mm 
Vives 638
f42.jpg (103400 bytes)
Madinat Fas
396H
3.56gr 24mm 
Vives 644
f43.jpg (88424 bytes)
(no mint name)
396H
3.54gr 24mm
No reference.

 

f44.jpg (92940 bytes)
Madinat Fas
397H
2.10gr 24mm
No reference.
f45.jpg (74583 bytes)
Madinat Fas
397H?
3.08gr 23mm 
Vives 666
f46.jpg (85126 bytes)
Madinat Fas
398H?
2.64gr 24mm
f47.jpg (76297 bytes)
Madinat Fas
398H
2.90gr 24mm
No reference, al-Mu'izz I.A & 'Abd al-Malik + al-Mu'izz II.A.
f48.jpg (81917 bytes)
Madinat Fas
398H
3.84gr 24mm
No reference,
'Abd al-Malik I.A & al-Hadjib al-Mu´izz II.A
f49.jpg (75111 bytes)
Madinat Fas
398H
2.58gr 21mm
f50.jpg (67468 bytes)
Madinat Fas
398H
3.11gr 22mm 
Vives 632
f51.jpg (59385 bytes)
Fas
398H
3.36gr 23mm
No reference, al-Mu'izz on both areas.
f52.jpg (80347 bytes)
Fas
398H
3.20gr 23mm
No reference,
'Abd al-Malik I.A & al-Mu'izz II.A.
f53.jpg (51894 bytes)
Fas
398H
2.58gr 23mm
Vives 652
f54.jpg (49727 bytes)
Fas
398H
3.06gr 23mm 
Vives 652
f55.jpg (67469 bytes)
Fas
398H
3.12gr 22mm 
Vives 654
f56.jpg (66240 bytes)
Fas
398H
2.74gr 22mm 
Vives 655
Saenz-Diez, pg 55, this coin.

Fas
398H
3.10gr 22.5mm 
Vives 655
Saenz-Diez, pg 55
 

Dirhams struck by the Umayyads in Nakur


Madinat Nakur
389H
3.11gr 23mm 
No reference, but may be same as Vives 672?

Nakur
397H
3.30gr 22mm 
Vives 674

Nakur
397H
3.34gr 21mm 
Vives 674

Nakur
399H
2.24gr 23mm 
 

Dirhams struck by the Umayyads in Al-Mansura



al-Mansura
(38)7H?
2.48gr 21mm 


al-Mansura
xxx
3.90gr 22mm 
Vives 668bis, pg 390.
Miles 356


al-Mansura
(39)5H?
2.28gr 20mm
Miles 331
'Abd al-Malik I.A. 
 

Dirhams struck by the Umayyads in Agmat



Aghmat
397H
2.14gr 23mm
Gaceta Numismática, n° 134, septiembre 1.999, págs. 25-31.
'Abd al-Malik I.A.   
 

Coins probably struck in the name of Hisham II by North African vassals.


Fractional
(Fatimid style)
mint/ date not readable
1.26gr 18mm  

Fractional
(Fatimid style)
mint/ date not readable
1.40gr 19mm 

Fractional
(Fatimid style)
mint/ date not readable
1.26gr 17mm 
Saenz-Diez, pg 75.

Fractional
(Fatimid style)
mint/ not readable
(3)90H
1.18gr 15mm 
Similar Saenz-Diez, pg 75.

Fractional
(Fatimid style)
mint/ date not readable
1.02gr 12mm 
Saenz-Diez, pg 75.

Fractional
(Fatimid style)
mint/ date not readable
1.02gr 14mm 
Saenz-Diez, pg 75.

 

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