Coins of al-Andalus Tonegawa collection
ALMORAVID TAIFAS

Banu Ghaniya
Hamdin
Ahmmad ibn Hud
Abderahman ibn Hud
Ibn ’Iyad
Ibn Faradj
Ibn ’Ubaid
Muhammad ibn Sa’ad
Ahmmad ibn Qasi
Ibn Wazir
Muhammad ibn ’Ali
Pro Almohads
Almoravid style Christian coinage.

Banu Ghaniya-The last Almoravid governors.                    بنو غانية
Córdoba till 543H. 
Granada till 549H.
Mallorca till 599H.

Dinar 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
542H 
4.04gr 25mm
Vives 1978
Hazard 446

Quirat 
0.98gr 11mm
Vives 1980

Quirat 
0.95gr 11mm
Vives 1981
c3.jpg (26282 bytes)
Quirat 
0.95gr 11mm
Vives 1981
c4.jpg (13947 bytes)
Quirat 
0.98gr 11mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 208, nº 44.

1/2 Quirat
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
0.46gr 8mm
IV Jarique, 
pg 208, nº5,
second variant 
this coin.

1/2 Quirat
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
0.45gr 8mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 208, nº5,
second variant 
this coin.

Dinar 
Mayurqa (Mallorca)
567H 
4.30gr 25mm
Vives 1985 (clipped & ex-mount)
  *
The epigraphy of this coin is somewhat barbarous, but the coin is of the same die as the one registered by Vives- compare with the rubbing in his volume of plates. The epigraphy certainly contrasts with the dinar of the same mint of the year before.

Hamdin ibn Muhammad 539-540
/ 1144- 1145       حمدين بن محمد

Dinar 
Qurtuba (Córdoba) 
539H 
3.92gr 26mm 
Vives 1903

Dinar 
Qurtuba (Córdoba) 540H 
3.94gr 26mm 
Vives 1904

Dinar 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
540H 
3.92gr 26mm 
Vives 1905

Quirat 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
0.96gr 11mm 
Vives 1906

Quirat 
Qurtuba (Córdoba) 0.95gr 11mm 
Vives 1907

1/2 Quirat 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
0.46gr 9mm 
Vives 1908

Ahmad ibn Hud 539-540
/ 1144-1145 أحمد بن هود

Dirham 
1.76gr 17mm
Vives 1921

Dirham 
1.74gr 17mm
Vives 1921

Dirham 
1.7gr 15.5mm
Vives 1921
c14.jpg (27421 bytes)
Quirat 
0.88gr 10mm
0.89gr 10mm
Vives 1923

1/2 Quirat 
0.86 gr 11mm
IV Jarique, 
pg 208, nº46,
this coin.

’Abd al Rahmman ibn Hud          عبد الرحمن بن هود
540?
/ 1145

Dirham 
Bayasa? (Baeza?) 
1.78gr 17mm 
Vives 1924
c17.jpg (16332 bytes)
Quirat 
Ubbada (Úbeda)
0.68gr 11mm 
Vives 1925

1/2 Quirat 
Ubbada (Úbeda)
0.43gr 8mm
Numisma 173, 
pg 300, nº25, 
this coin. 
In the referred article the mint was misread as Atika (Écija).

Ibn Malik
- unknown except for coins.                                 إبن مالك

Quirat 
0.96gr 12mm 
Vives 1919

1/2 Quirat 
0.44gr 9mm 

Anonymous Quirat 
Thafra? (Zafra ?)
0.92 13mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 209, nº 47, 
this coin.

This Quirat is anonymous so its tenuous association with Ibn Malik is only founded on the stylistic similarities of the IIA and the nominal recognition of the ’Abbasids. On the other hand the "’ain" at the bottom of the IIA may relate it to Muhammad ibn ’Ali of Badajoz who also nominally recognised the ’Abbasids in his coins ( Vives 1914 ,1987 & 1988 )
The mint name is very problematic as the arabic name for present day Zafra does not appear in the Arabic chronicles.

’Abd Allah ibn ’Iyad                    عبد ألله بن إياد
540- 542
( two times) / 1145-1147

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
540H 
3.92gr 26mm 
Vives 1926

’Abd Allah ibn Faradj (al Rais)                 عبد ألله بن فرج
540- 541
/ 1145-1146

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
541H 
3.96gr 26mm 
Vives 1928

’Ali ibn ’Ubaid 542
/ 1147                  علي بن عبيد

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
542H 
3.92 gr 26mm 
This previously unregistered ruler of Mursiya held power very briefly in the year 542H, for barely two months, from 22nd of Rabi‘ I to the end of Djumada I .

A dinar of ’Ali ibn ’Ubaid strick in Murcia, Tawfiq Ibrahim. XII Congreso Internacional de Numismatica, 1593-1597, Madrid, 2005.

Muhammad ibn Sa’d (ibn Madarnish)         محمد بن سعد بن مرد نيش
542-567
/ 1147-1171

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
542H 
3.92gr 25mm 
Vives 1931

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
544H 
3.92gr 25mm 
Vives 1934

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
544H 
3.7gr 25mm 
Vives 1934

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
545H 
3.92gr 25mm 
Vives 1935

Dinar 
Balansiya (Valencia) 
546H 
3.90gr 26mm 
Vives 1939

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
548H 
3.90gr 26mm 
Vives 1942

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
554H 
3.88gr 25mm 
Vives 1949

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
557H 
3.88gr 25mm 
Vives 1952

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
558H 
3.90gr 25mm 
Vives 1957

Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
563H 
3.86gr 25mm 
Vives 1963

1/2 Dinar 
Mursiya (Murcia)
564H 
2.22gr 25mm 
Vives 1966

Quirat 
0.87gr 12mm 
Vives 1969

Quirat 
0.91gr 13mm 
Vives 1969

1/2 Quirat 
0.47gr 9mm 
Vives 1970
c36.jpg (11504 bytes)
1/8 Quirat 
0.12gr 6mm  
0.12gr 6mm 
Numisma 230, 
pg 81-82.
c37.jpg (7650 bytes)
1/16 Quirat = habba (grain) 
0.0648gr 5mm Numisma 237, 
pg 300, nº 26, 
this coin.

With Hilal as heir.

Dirham 
Mursiya (Murcia)
564 H 
1.28gr 19mm
Gaceta Numismatica 100,  pg 43-44, 
this coin.

Dirham 
1.30gr 20mm

Quirat 
0.61gr 13mm
Vives 1972

Quirat 
0.63gr 13mm 
Vives 1972

Fragment of dirham 
(base silver) 
1.44gr 15mm
type Vives 
1976 & 1977

Ahmad ibn Qasi ’Abd Allah 539-546
/ 1144-1151      أحمد بن قسي

Quirat 
Martula (Mertola)
0.93gr 13mm 
Vives 1916 
Gomes 01.02

Quirat 
Martula (Mertola) 0.96gr 13mm 
Vives 1917 
Gomes 01.03

Quirat 
Martula (Mertola)
0.84gr 12mm 
IV Jarique,  pg 206, nº 39, 
this coin. 

1/2 Quirat 
Martula (Mertola)
0.32gr 10mm 
IV Jarique,  pg 207, nº 40, 
this coin. 
Anonymous but attributable to ibn Qasi.

Quirat 
0.83gr 13mm 
Vives 2014 , Hazard 1060 
Gomes 05.05

Quirat 
? gr ? mm 
Vives 2014 , Hazard 1060 
Gomes 05.05

Quirat 
0.90gr 11mm 
IV Jarique,  pg 55 &69, nº1.

Quirat 
0.90gr 11mm 
Gaceta Numismatica 93, pg 37-38. 
IV Jarique,  pg 69 & 85, nº2.

Abu Talib al-Zuhri 540?
/ 1141?   أبو طالب الزهري
Ruler of Badja, briefly recognising ibn Qasi.

1/2 Quirat 
Badja (Beja) 
0.39gr 9mm 
Gomes, pg 67, nº 02.01
( The sorry condition of this coin does not allow a full reading, but it is apparently of the same die as that shown in Gomes.)

Sidray Ibn Wazir al- Qaysi           سدرائي بن وزير
539 - 552
/ 1144- 1157

1/2 Quirat 
Badja (Beja) 
0.44gr 9mm 
Numisma 237,  pg 299, nº 23, 
this coin.
Recognising Hamdin of Córdoba.

1/2 Quirat 
0.51gr 10mm Gomes 03.02

1/2 Quirat 
0.44gr 9mm 
Gomes 03.03

1/2 Quirat 
0.4gr 9mm 

Quirat 
0.91gr 12mm 
IV Jarique,  pg 206, nº 38
c53.jpg (56527 bytes)
Quirat 
0.74gr 10mm 
0.66gr 11mm 
0.91 gr 11mm 
0.81gr 11mm 
(4x die variants)
Vives 1909 
Gomes 03.04
c53.jpg (56527 bytes)
Quirat 
0.74gr 10mm 
0.66gr 11mm 
0.91 gr 11mm 
0.81gr 11mm 
(4x die variants)
Vives 1909 
Gomes 03.04

Quirat 
0.91 gr 11mm 
Vives 1909 
Gomes 03.04
c53.jpg (56527 bytes)
Quirat 
0.74gr 10mm 
0.66gr 11mm 
0.91 gr 11mm 
0.81gr 11mm 
(4x die variants)
Vives 1909 
Gomes 03.04

Quirat 
Shilb (Silves)
0.89gr 12mm 
Gomes 03.05

1/2 Quirat 
Shilb (Silves)
0.89gr 12mm 

Half Quirat. 
Badja( Beja)
0.44 gr 9mm.  

Half Quirat. 
Badja( Beja)
0.40 gr 10mm.  
Nominal Abbasid recognition.

Quirat 
Shilb (Silves)
0.85gr 12mm 
Gomes 03.06

Quirat 
Shilb (Silves)
0.84gr 12mm 
Gomes 03.07
Almohade recognition. (?)

Quirat 
0.85gr 13mm 
Vives 1911 , Gomes 04.01

Muhammad ibn ’Ali ibn al-Hadjam  محمد بن علي بن الحاجم
540- 545
/ 1145- 1150

Quirat 
Batalyus (Badajoz)
0.93gr 11mm 
Vives 1987

Quirat 
Batalyus (Badajoz)
0.98 gr 10mm 
Vives 1987

Quirat 
Batalyus (Badajoz)
0.88gr 11mm 
Vives 1988

The following mint Sharish ( Jerez) , as was long ago suggested by A. Delgado, is probably Jerez de los Caballeros, located south of Badajoz and west of Zafra. See Ibn Malik for a coin of the mint of Zafra which may be a coin of this Muhammad ibn ’Ali.

Quirat 
Sharish (Jerez)
0.88gr 11mm 
Vives 1988

1/2 Quirat 
Sharish (Jerez) 0.46gr 8mm 

Abu Fadl ’Iyad 541- 543 / 1146- 1148           أبو الفضل إياض
’Iyad was reconfirmed by the Almohads as Qadi of Sabta in 541, as a strict Sunni Maliki he could not at heart but view the Almohads as heterodox and participated in an unsuccessful revolt against them in 543. These Quirats were probably struck during the short period of feigned allegiance to the Almohads.

Quirat 
Sabta (Ceuta)
0.92gr 11mm
Vives 2017 , Hazard 1057

Quirat 
Sabta (Ceuta) 
mint name on both areas. 
0.85gr 13mm 
IV Jarique,  pg 209, nº47, 
this coin.

Pro Almohads.
Coinage in Almoravid style struck in the name of ’Abd al-Mu`min

Dinar 
Djayan (Jaén) 541H 
3.93gr 27mm
R.Lorente, Madrider Mitteilungen 
23, 1982, pg 420-439, pl. 69, this coin. 
This coin was 
not directly struck by the Almohads 
as they did not enter Jaen until 443 H.
c67.jpg (50392 bytes)
Quirat 
0.86gr 12mm 
0.86gr 11mm
0.89gr 11mm 
Vives 2043 
Hazard 1062

Almoravid style Christian coinage
Alfonso VII. 520-552 / 1126-1157
This ruler occupied Baeza from 452 to 551 ( 1147 to 1156) and very rare coins of the dates 545,546 & 548 are known.

Dinar 
Bayasa ’iyar Qashtilya 
(Baeza, alloy or weight of Castilla) 545H 
3.58gr 25mm 
Vives 1995
  *
Vives ( nº 1992 to 1995) had read the mint on these coins , with doubt, as the triple mint of Bayasa, Djayan, Ishbiliya ( ¿ Baeza, Jaén, Sevilla?). A very improbable strike as in this period the first was Christian held while the other two were in Muslim hands. This interpretation has since confused many and lead to some fanciful historical rationalisations. Long before Vives, the correct reading had been given by A.Delgado in his now century and a half old unpublished work. These coins also explain the reference to albayasí coins in Christian documents.

Alfonso VIII 553-611
/ 1158-1214
This ruler struck in Toledo, for more than thirty years, Almoravid type coins with the Catholic credo written in Arabic. These coins affirm the Trinitarian doctrine, the Pope as Imam and Alfonso as amir. In small decorative details they imitate the coins struck in Murcia by Muhammad ibn Sa’d in. The coins are dated by the Safar calendar, a dating which starts 38 years before the Christian era and commemorates the complete submission of the Peninsula to Roman authority. This, incidentally, may indicate that the 6th century innovation, the Christian calendar, had up to then made slow progress in the medieval Christian states of the Iberian peninsula. The documents and contracts of the period were also dated in the Safar calendar.

Dinar 
Madinat Tulaytula (Medina Toledo)
1212 of Safar
3.82gr 25mm 
Vives 2019
This coin is one of the only two examples
known for the starting date of this series.
  *

Dinar 
Madinat Tulaytula (Medina Toledo)
1237of Safar
3.82gr 25mm 
Vives 2034. 
This second type has a shorter legend 
and the addition of ALF in the IA.
  *
c71.jpg (51887 bytes)
Dinar weight 
3.70gr 25mm 
Vives 2042
Though Vives gives this as a fals it is clearly, by weight and the word Žadl in bottom of the IIA, 
a coin weight of the above type coins.

Dinar weight 
3.50gr 18mm 
Vives 2042
ex HSA 1700

Dinar weight 
3.30gr 19mm 
Vives 2042
ex HSA 1699


doublearrowlefttop.gif (1491 bytes)
Back to
collection
main page
doublearrowleft.gif (1367 bytes)
Back to

Almoravids
main page
doublearrowright.gif (1365 bytes)
Forward
to
Almohads