Coins of al-Andalus Tonegawa collection
ALMORAVIDS

Silver & copper.
        by rulers
       
anonymous


Abu Bakr ibn ´Umar 450- 480
/ 1058- 1087          أبو بكر بن عمر
s1.jpg (18666 bytes)
Quirat 
1.04gr 19mm 

The legends of this unique coin are the same as
those of the central areas of Abu Bakr´s dinars.
This prototype would not repeat itself in future
Almoravid silver.
s2.jpg (17660 bytes)
Quirat 
0.91gr 11mm 
Vives 1443 
Hazard 888
s3.jpg (12591 bytes)
Quirat 
0.96gr 10mm
Album, list 55, 
nº 246

Yusuf ibn Tashfin 480 - 500
/ 1087- 1106            يوسف بن تاشفين
without mention of heir 480- 497 / 1087- 1103 
s4.jpg (17823 bytes)
Dirham 
Miknasa
494H 
with title 
Nasir al-din 
0.92gr 12mm 

Proceedings of the XIVth International Numismatic Congress, Glasgow, 2009, pp. 1821-1825.

Quirat 
Sanlukah
o,89gr 12mm 
Vives 1531
Hazard 900
Vives only registers the one in his collection (pg 520) and Hazard that of Vives
s5.jpg (13726 bytes)
Quirat
Fas 
0.84gr 10mm 
Vives 1534 
Hazard 891
s6.jpg (44292 bytes)
Quirat 
0.90gr 14mm 
0.91gr 14mm 
Vives 1535 
Hazard 894
s7.jpg (37326 bytes)
Quirat 
0.71gr 12mm 
1.18 gr 14mm 
Vives 1538 
Hazard 893
s8.jpg (15258 bytes)
Quirat 
0.65gr 11mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 193, nº1, 
this coin.
s9.jpg (13846 bytes)
Quirat 
with title
al-Musta´in bi-Allah 
0.79gr 11mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 194, nº2, 
this coin.
s10.jpg (8070 bytes)
¼ Quirat 
0.38gr 8mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 195, nº5.

Yusuf ibn Tashfin 480 - 500
/ 1087- 1106
with heir ´Ali 497-500 / 1103- 1106
 
s11.jpg (27838 bytes)
Dirham 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
(49)8H 
1.14gr 16mm

Quirat 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
0.87gr 15mm  
with Sa´d or Sa´id on IA.
s12.jpg (15574 bytes)
½ Quirat 
Qurtuba 
0.48gr 10mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 196, nº9, 
this coin.
s13.jpg (22775 bytes)
Dirham 
Madinat Gharnata 
(Medina Granada)
0.99gr 14mm
s14.jpg (27680 bytes)
Dirham 
Ishbiliya (Sevilla)
1.24gr 14mm 
Type Vives 1545, 
mint not readable 
in Vives´s coin
s15.jpg (10652 bytes)
½ Quirat-dirham 
Ishbiliya (Sevilla)
0.42gr 10mm 
Numisma 237, 
pg 295, nº7, 
this coin.

Quirat 
1.08gr 14mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 195, nº7.
s17.jpg (8837 bytes)
⅛ Quirat 
0.16gr 7x10mm Numisma 237, 
pg 295, nº8, 
this coin.

´Ali ibn Yusuf 500-537
/ 1106- 1143                         علي بن يسوف
without mention of heir 500- 522 / 1106- 1128
These coins are important epigraphic documents as they
give us ( in IA ) the earliest dated use of naskhi script in
al-Andalus. A then singular use that was not to reappear in coinage
until nearly three decades later.
 
s18.jpg (79029 bytes)
Dirham 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
502H 
1.32gr 16mm 
1.28gr 14mm 
1.06gr 16mm 
Vives 1667 
Hazard 958
s19.jpg (53719 bytes)
Dirham 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
505H 
0.89gr 13mm 
0.76gr 14mm 
0.81gr 13mm 
Vives 1669 
Hazard 959
s20.jpg (14723 bytes)
Dirham 
Qurtuba (Córdoba) 
505H 
0.99gr 13mm 
Vives 1670 
Hazard 960
s21.jpg (41127 bytes)
Quirat 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
0.95gr 14mm 
0.73gr 15mm 
Vives 1706 
Hazard 965
s22.jpg (19319 bytes)
Quirat 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
1.04gr 14mm
Numisma 237, pg
296, nº10, 
this coin.
s23.jpg (23201 bytes)
Quirat 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
0.90gr 15mm 
s53.jpg (11311 bytes)
½ Quirat 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
0.36gr 10mm
Numisma 232, 
pg 297, nº16, 
this coin
s54.jpg (12888 bytes)
⅕ Quirat 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
0.19gr 7mm 
0.17gr 6mm
Numisma 232, 
pg 297, nº17, second this coin.
s24.jpg (19234 bytes)
Quirat 
Malqa ( Málaga) 
0.85gr 12mm 
Numisma 237, 
pg 295, nº9, 
this coin.
s25.jpg (14663 bytes)
Quirat Miknasa 
0.73gr 12mm 
Vives 1707 
Hazard 906
s26.jpg (19425 bytes)
Quirat 
Ishbiliya (Sevilla) 
1.06gr 15mm 
Numisma 237, 
pg 295, n11, 
this coin
s27.jpg (26114 bytes)
Quirat 
Ishbiliya (Sevilla)
1.12gr 16mm 
Vives 1675 
Hazard 941
s28.jpg (21048 bytes)
Quirat 
Ishbiliya (Sevilla)
1.10gr 15mm 
Vives 1676 
Hazard 942
s29.jpg (23648 bytes)
Quirat 
Ishbiliya (Sevilla)
0.86gr 15mm 
Vives 1677 
Hazard 943
s30.jpg (18289 bytes)
Quirat 
Ishbiliya (Sevilla)
0.96gr 14mm 
Vives 1678 
Hazard 940
s31.jpg (10327 bytes)
½ Quirat 
Ishbiliya (Sevilla)
0.52gr 10mm 
Vives 1675 
Hazard 941 
but as 1/4 Quirat.

¼ Quirat 
Ishbiliya (Sevilla)
0.3gr 8.5mm 
 
 
s32.jpg (17552 bytes)
Quirat 
al-Djazira (Algeciras) 
507H 
0.87gr 11mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 197, nº 10, 
this coin.
s33.jpg (16534 bytes)
Quirat 
1.02 gr 13mm 
Vives 1686 
Hazard 915
s34.jpg (11560 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.48 gr 10mm 
Vives 1690 
Hazard 934
s35.jpg (9469 bytes)
¼ Quirat 
0.35 gr 9mm 
Vives 1691
s36.jpg (5252 bytes)
⅛ Quirat 
0.10 gr 6mm 
Vives 1692 
Hazard 938
s37.jpg (18759 bytes)
⅛ Quirat 
0.16gr 8mm / 
0.21gr 7mm / 
0.17gr 8mm 
Vives 1693 
Hazard 937
s38.jpg (14659 bytes)
Quirat 
0.97gr 10mm 
Vives 1695 
Hazard 918
s39.jpg (17401 bytes)
Quirat 
0.95gr 12mm 
Vives 1696 
Hazard 922 
s40.jpg (27228 bytes)
Quirat 
0.99gr 16mm 
Vives 1700 
Hazard 924
s41.jpg (15667 bytes)
Quirat 
0.95gr 11mm 
Vives 1701 
Hazard 927 
s42.jpg (21034 bytes)
Quirat 
0.98gr 14mm 
Vives 1702 
Hazard 923
s43.jpg (21437 bytes)
Quirat 
1.02gr 13mm 
Vives 1703 
Hazard 926
s44.jpg (19494 bytes)
Quirat 
0.89gr 11mm 
Vives 1704 
Hazard 925
s45.jpg (38457 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.33gr 9mm 
0.77gr 10mm
0.95gr 11mm 
Vives 1705 
Hazard  935. 
Vives only registers a half, the last two coins are within the weight of full a Quirat, as, arbitrarily, defined by Vives (pg.LXXI of his introduction). 
s46.jpg (20276 bytes)
Quirat 
1.02gr 14mm 
s47.jpg (10874 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.40gr 7mm 
s48.jpg (10571 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.59gr 10mm 
Numisma 237, 
pg 296, nº 12, 
this coin.
s49.jpg (18418 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.47gr 9mm 
0.50gr 8mm
Delgado Láminas, pg 106, 35d.
s50.jpg (15057 bytes)
Quirat 
0.88gr 11mm 
with title 
al-Musta´in 
Numisma 237, 
pg 296, nº 13, 
this coin.
s51.jpg (12939 bytes)
Quirat 
0.76gr 14mm 
with title
al-Musta´in 
Numisma 237, 
pg 297, nº 14, 
this coin.
s52.jpg (19806 bytes)
Quirat 
0.92gr 13mm 
Numisma 232, 
pg 297, nº15, 
this coin.
s55.jpg (14838 bytes)
Quirat 
0.90gr 11mm
s58.jpg (12742 bytes)
Electrum coin 
1.16 gr 9 mm
Vives 1845 
Hazard 939
s57bis.jpg (11527 bytes)
Base silver 
0.63gr 10mm
Zaragoza, 504
Base silver dirham
Zaragoza
504H
4.58gr 24mm
Vives 1833
Hazard 948
See above a dinar of the same date and mint. 
s57.jpg (44961 bytes)
Base silver dirham
Madinat
{Gharna}ta
( Medina Granada)
2.94gr 23mm 
Vives 1843 
Hazard 956 variant 
s56.jpg (50166 bytes)
Copper dirham 
Madinat Gharnata 
(Medina Granada) 
2.30gr 23mm 
Vives 1843 
Hazard 956

´Ali ibn Yusuf with heir Sir 522.533 / 1128-1139 
s59.jpg (6283 bytes)
Habba or 
⅟16 Quirat*. 
0.0506gr 5mm 
Numisma 233, 
pg 56, nº67, 
this coin. 
This tiny coin/ weight with both the name ´Ali and Sir can obviously be dated between 522 and 533. See two other habbas in the anonymous coins of this dynasty and one in the silver of Muhammad ibn Sa´d in the Almoravid Taifas. These few weights are about all the material metrological evidence we have for habbas of the Almoravid period.
* Vives´s numismatic Quirat, the actual coin, was arbitrarily defined by him at a theoretical weight of 1gr and it is his definition we use numismaticaly. Nevertheless in classical Islamic metrology the Quirat is equal to three habbas ( closer to the 1/8 Quirat of Vives).
s60.jpg (17035 bytes)
Quirat Tandja 
0.96gr 10mm 
Vives 1765 
Hazard 974

Quirat Nul Lamta 
0.84gr 12mm 

s61.jpg (16739 bytes)
Quirat 
0.94gr 11mm 
Vives 1768 
Hazard 976
s62.jpg (29617 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.47gr 9mm 
0.47gr 8mm 
0.49gr 9mm 
Vives 1770 
Hazard 998
s63.jpg (38824 bytes)
Quirat 
0.97gr 12mm 
0.95gr 12mm 
Vives 1774 
Hazard 983
s64.jpg (13628 bytes)
Quirat 
0.97gr 10mm 
Vives 1775 
Hazard 982
s65.jpg (16391 bytes)
Quirat 
Sabta (Ceuta) 
0.92gr 11mm 
Vives 1778 
Hazard 973
s66.jpg (20935 bytes)
Quirat 
0.92gr 13mm 
Delgado Láminas, 
pg 105, nº 35a, 
this coin.
s67.jpg (17261 bytes)
Quirat 
0.96gr 11mm
s67bis.jpg (15265 bytes)
Quirat 
0.91gr 12mm
s68.jpg (8542 bytes)
¼ Quirat 
0.24gr 7mm 
Delgado Láminas, pg 106, nº 35e, 
this coin. 

s69.jpg (12153 bytes)
¼ & ⅛ Quirat
0.34gr 7mm 
0.09gr 7mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 203, 
nº 28 & nº29, 
these coins.
s70.jpg (24382 bytes)
Copper 
fractional dirham
with traces of
silver coating on
IIA.
1.20gr 12mm
A Gharnata, 53x
Base silver dirham
a-Gharnata
53(4)H?
2.88gr 24mm
No reference Granada  

´Ali ibn yusuf with heir Tashfin 533-537 / 1139- 1143 -
s71.jpg (15839 bytes)
Quirat 
Bani Tawdah 
0.79gr 11mm 
Numisma 237, 
pg. 298, nº 18, 
this coin
s72.jpg (18047 bytes)
Quirat 
Sabta ( Ceuta) 
0.97gr 11mm 
Delgado Láminas, 
pg 105, nº 33, 
this coin.
s73.jpg (17104 bytes)
Quirat 
0.77gr 13mm 
Vives 1812 
Hazard 996
s74.jpg (7035 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.43gr 9mm 
Vives 1815 
Hazard 1009
s75.jpg (11186 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.45gr 8mm 
Vives 1817 
Hazard 1012
76.jpg (7550 bytes)
¼ Quirat 
0.22gr 7mm 
Vives 1818 
Hazard 1014
s77.jpg (31456 bytes)
Quirat 
0.96gr 12mm  
0.95gr 12mm 
Vives 1820 
Hazard 997
s78.jpg (39700 bytes)
Quirat 
1.00gr 12mm
0.98gr 11mm 
Vives 1822 
Hazard 1601
s79.jpg (50952 bytes)
Quirat 
0.99gr 11mm  
0.95gr 11mm  
0.94gr 11mm 
Vives 1824 
Hazard 999
s80.jpg (14365 bytes)
Quirat 
0.98gr 11mm 
Vives 1825 
Hazard 998
s81.jpg (15108 bytes)
Quirat 
0.97gr 11mm 
Vives 1826 
Hazard 1002
s82.jpg (32132 bytes)
Quirat 
0.96gr 11mm
0.83gr 11mm 
Vives 1827 
Hazard 1004
s83.jpg (15066 bytes)
Quirat 
0.96gr 11mm 
Numisma 237, 
pg 298, nº 19, 
this coin.
s84.jpg (19692 bytes)
Quirat 
0.91gr 12mm 
Delgado Láminas, 
pg 106, nº 35c, 
this coin.
s85.jpg (15609 bytes)
Quirat 
0.98gr 11mm 
Delgado Láminas, 
pg 106, nº 35b 
this coin.
s86.jpg (22650 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.47gr 9mm 
0.46gr 9mm 
IV Jarique, pg 204, 
nº3, 2nd variant.
s87.jpg (25888 bytes)
Base silver fractional dirhams 1.50gr 10mm
1.22gr 9mm

Tasffin ibn ´Ali 537-540 / 1143- 1145                      تاشفين بن علي

without heir 537- 539 / 1143- 1145 
88.jpg (14221 bytes)
Quirat 
0.78gr 10mm 
Vives 1871 
Hazard 1019
89.jpg (12890 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.49gr 8mm 
Vives 1877 
Hazard 1025

½ Quirat 
0.4gr 9mm 
Type Vives 1878 
90.jpg (9854 bytes)
Quirat 
0.91gr 9mm 
Vives 1881 
Hazard 1021
91.jpg (18536 bytes)
Quirat 
0.98gr 11mm 
Vives 1882 
Hazard 1023
92.jpg (10704 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.46gr 9mm
93.jpg (18575 bytes)
Quirat 
0.68gr 12mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 205, nº35, 
this coin.
94.jpg (17149 bytes)
Quirat 
0.94gr 11mm Delgado Láminas, pg 106, nº35f, 
this coin.
95.jpg (13648 bytes)
Quirat 
0.76gr 11mm
96.jpg (24547 bytes)
Base silver fractional dirhams 1.30gr 10mm 
1.04gr 9mm 
Delgado Láminas, 
pg 106, nº35g, 
first this coin, 
second variant.

with heir Ibrahim 539-540 / 1144- 1145
97.jpg (36618 bytes)
Quirat 
0.97gr 11mm 
0.97gr 11mm 
Vives 1885 
Hazard 1035
98.jpg (18092 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.46gr 8mm 
0.45gr 8mm 
Vives 1886 
Hazard 1037
99.jpg (13705 bytes)
Quirat 
0.88gr 9mm.

Iskhaq ibn ´Ali 540-541 / 1145-1147
                       إسحاق بن علي
100.jpg (17778 bytes)
Quirat 
Qurtuba (Córdoba)
0.97gr 11mm 
Vives 1894 
Hazard 1052
101.jpg (64128 bytes)
Quirat 
0.95gr 12mm
0.96gr 11mm 
0.97gr 12mm
0.92gr 11mm 
Vives 1895 
Hazard 1039
102.jpg (33101 bytes)
Quirat 
0.95gr 12mm
0.91gr 11mm 
Vives 1896 
Hazard 1041
103.jpg (15164 bytes)
Quirat 
0.72gr 10mm 
Vives 1897 
Hazard 1042
104.jpg (20023 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.53gr 9mm 
0.48gr 9mm 
Vives 1898 
Hazard 1049
105.jpg (29606 bytes)
Quirat 
0.95gr 11mm 
0.92gr 10mm 
Vives 1900 
Hazard 1044
106.jpg (20185 bytes)
1/2 Quirat 
0.52gr 9mm 
0.51gr 9mm 
Vives 1902 
Hazard 1047
107.jpg (13736 bytes)
Quirat 
0.85gr 11mm 
IV Jarique, 
pg 206, nº37, 
this coin.

½ Quirat 
0.44gr  8mm.

Almoravids Anonymous Silver 

⅛ dirham 
(¼ Quirat) 
hadha thumn al-dirham / min sikkat Qurtuba 
("this is ⅛ of a dirham / from the mint of Córdoba")

0.23gr 7mm 
Vives 2013. 
This coin/weight would give us an approximate of the said dirham of 1.84gr ( 0.23x 8).

110.jpg (7730 bytes)
Habba coin/weight 0.0525gr 5mm
0.055gr 5mm 
first - Numisma 233, pg 56, nº67.
111.jpg (5055 bytes)
1/16 Quirat Qurtuba (Córdoba) 0.07gr 6mm 
Vives 2012.
112.jpg (8418 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.48gr 9mm 
Vives 2010
113.jpg (7585 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.43gr 9mm
114.jpg (8237 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.44gr 9mm
115.jpg (10720 bytes)
½ Quirat 
0.49gr 10mm 
Numisma 237, pg299, nº21, 
this coin.
116.jpg (11667 bytes)
Base silver Quirat nominal Abbasid recognition
0.78gr 11mm
117.jpg (10942 bytes)
Base silver Quirat nominal Abbasid recognition
0.84gr 11mm




 

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