Coins of al-Andalus Tonegawa collection
Caliphate

Abd al-Rahman III 300-350/912-961                   عبد الرحمن بن محمّد الناصر لدين ألله

Dinars


1.jpg (42128 bytes)

Andalus
317H
3.98gr 19mm
Vives 349  *


Sikkat al-Andalus
317H
3.93gr 21mm
III Jarique, pg 314.
n 1, this coin Frochoso, pg 22.

1/8
(no mint)
318H
0.45gr 10mm
IV Jarique, pg 36, n1, this coin.
4.jpg (22661 bytes)
1/3
( no mint)
319H
1.01gr 13mm
Vives 361 
(Frochoso, pg 25, 
this coin).
5.jpg (11051 bytes)
1/8
( no mint)
320H
0.50gr 8.5mm 
III Jarique, pg 315, n 2, this coin.
6.jpg (47170 bytes)

( no mint)
321H
4.02gr 20mm
Vives 376
7.jpg (46927 bytes)

Andalus
321H
4.08gr 20mm
Miles 200(a)
8.jpg (54342 bytes)

Andalus
322H
3.75gr 19mm 
III Jarique, pg 315, n3, this coin = Frochoso, pg 31.

1/3
(no mint)
322H
1.18gr 13mm
Vives 379 (Frochoso, 
pg 31, this coin)
10.jpg (42681 bytes)

Andalus
324H
4.00gr 19mm 
III Jarique, pg 316, 
n 4, this coin.


Andalus
330H
3.88gr 20mm
Miles 217 (a)
12.jpg (25407 bytes)
1/4
Andalus
330H
1.06gr 14mm 
IV Jarique, pg 36, 
n2, this coin.
13.jpg (47233 bytes)

Andalus
331H
3.90gr 19mm
Vives 393  *
14.jpg (37853 bytes)

Andalus
332H
3.98gr 18mm
Vives 394

1/4
Andalus
332H
0.87gr 12mm
Vives 395
16.jpg (38353 bytes)

Andalus
332H
(with Muhammad 
in IA)
3.74gr 19mm 
III Jarique, pg 316, 
n5, this coin.


Andalus
333H
3.86gr 18mm
Vives 399
18.jpg (49720 bytes)

Andalus
334H
4.18gr 21mm 
Vives 401 
May be of the same die as the unique one in Vives. This coin would seem to imitate the presentation dinars of other contemporary Islamic dynasties.


Andalus
334H
4.26gr 19mm
Vives 401 variant
20.jpg (64685 bytes)

Andalus
334H
4.10gr 23mm 
IV Jarique, pg 37, 
n 3, this coin. 
The double legend in the margin of 
the IA is a unique case in the dinars 
of al- Andalus.


Andalus
334H
(with Hisham in
 IA) 
3.78gr 24mm 
Vives 406
22.jpg (63748 bytes)

Andalus
335H
3.90gr 23mm 
Miles 224(a)


Madinat al-Zahra`
336H
3.44gr 19mm 
III Jarique, pg 317, 
n7, this coin.
Of similar 
distribution as Vives 414 but with " fi " before the " sanata". Could be a similar coin, but not clear in Vivess plates
.
24.jpg (51983 bytes)

Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
3.32gr 21mm
III Jarique, pg 318, n8, this coin.  *


Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
3.82gr 19mm 
Vives 420
26.jpg (46606 bytes)

Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
4.40gr 20mm 
III Jarique, pg 318, n 9, this coin.


Madinat al-Zahra`
342H
4.20gr 19mm 
Vives 423
28.jpg (51792 bytes)

Madinat al-Zahra`
343H
3.96gr 21mm 
Miles 234(a) variant


Madinat al-Zahra`
348H
3.98gr 21mm
Vives 442

Period False of this ruler. Fractional dinar, copper with taces guilding. Similar to Vives 379.  
 

Dirhams


After a hiatus of nearly forty years the Cordoba mint was re-established during the reign of Abd al-Rahman III on the 13th of Ramadan, 316H. The coins of the first year are extremely rare, probably no more than three such coins are known.( A coin attributed to this date by Miles, his 186a, is an obvious error - see the article in al-Sikka 2001, vol 3.1, " A century old numismatic myth"). 

The correct techniques of striking coins must have been partially lost during this four decade closure as can be evidenced by the many uneven strikes in the coinage of the first four years.
1a.jpg (88179 bytes)
Andalus
316H
3.20gr 27mm 
Vives 347
2a.jpg (104976 bytes)
Andalus
317H
2.50gr 27mm
Vives 348
2b.jpg (81279 bytes)
Andalus
317H
2.30gr 26mm
Vives 348
2c.jpg (106845 bytes)
Andalus
317H
2.60gr 29mm
Vives 348
2d.jpg (67858 bytes)
Andalus
317H
2.22gr 28mm
Vives 348
2e.jpg (98390 bytes)
Andalus
317H
2.54gr 29mm
Vives 348
3a.jpg (75700 bytes)
Andalus
318H
2.76gr 27mm 
Vives 354
3b.jpg (71931 bytes)
Andalus
318H
2.26gr 27mm
Vives 354
3c.jpg (86654 bytes)
Andalus
318H
2.16gr 28mm
Vives 354
3d.jpg (75413 bytes)
Andalus
318H
2.94gr 27mm
Vives 354
3e.jpg (60675 bytes)
Andalus
318H(?)
3.20gr 27mm
Vives 354 (?)
Date doubtful, at two o'clock on the margin of IIA there could be the last letter of the first digit. Of note in this coin is the six point star that is at the bottom of the IIA.
3f.jpg (84426 bytes)
Andalus
318H
2.52gr 27mm
Vives 354
This variant seems to have a fi before the sanata. 
4a.jpg (83852 bytes)
Sikkat al-Andalus
318H
2.02gr 28mm
Vives 356
5a.jpg (73095 bytes)
Andalus
319H
2.70gr 26mm
Delgado plates, pg 100, n8, this coin.
6a.jpg (77118 bytes)
Andalus
319H
2.50gr 26mm
Vives 360
6b.jpg (44610 bytes)
Andalus
319H
3.38gr 27mm
Vives 360
7a.jpg (90710 bytes)
Andalus
320H
2.18gr 28mm
Vives 364
8a.jpg (79389 bytes)
Andalus
320H
2.38gr 27mm
Vives 365
9a.jpg (92966 bytes)
Andalus
320H
3.06gr 30mm 
Vives 366

Andalus
320H
2.90gr 28mm 
Vives 366
10a.jpg (69880 bytes)
Andalus
320H
2.88gr 28mm
Vives 371

Andalus
320H
1.9gr 25mm
Vives 371
11a.jpg (76467 bytes)
Dirham
Andalus
320H
2.89gr 327mm
Vives 372
There is a fi before the sanata which Vives was unable to see on his coin.
12a.jpg (66461 bytes)
Dirham
Andalus
320H
3.20gr 27mm
Vives 373
13a.jpg (88267 bytes)
Andalus
320H
3.90gr 29mm
Frochoso, 320.23d, pg 28, this coin.
14a.jpg (71674 bytes)
Andalus
321H
2.04gr 25mm 
Frochoso, 321.30d, pg 28, this coin
14b.jpg (91885 bytes)
Andalus
321H
2.04gr 25mm
Die variant of previous coin.
15a.jpg (74899 bytes)
Andalus
321H
2.24gr 25mm
Vives 378
15b.jpg (72688 bytes)
Andalus
321H
2.24gr 25mm
Vives 378
15c.jpg (64401 bytes)
Andalus
321H
2.34gr 25mm
Vives 378
15d.jpg (73031 bytes)
Andalus
321H
2.42gr 26mm
Vives 378
16a.jpg (71744 bytes)
Andalus
322H
2.74gr 25mm
Vives 383
16b.jpg (75436 bytes)
Andalus
322H
2.54gr 25mm 
Vives 383
17a.jpg (64331 bytes)
Andalus
323H
2.74gr 25mm
Vives 384
17b.jpg (73612 bytes)
Andalus
323H
2.96gr 26mm
Vives 384
18a.jpg (76271 bytes)
Andalus
324H
2.68gr 25mm
Vives 385
18b.jpg (68321 bytes)
Andalus
324H
3.24gr 24mm
Vives 385
19a.jpg (63607 bytes)
Andalus
325H
3.26gr 24mm
Vives 386
19b.jpg (62998 bytes)
Andalus
325H
2.68gr 24mm 
Vives 386
19c.jpg (71263 bytes)
Andalus
325H
3.20gr 24mm
Vives 386
20a.jpg (75547 bytes)
Andalus
326H
3.26gr 25mm
Vives 387
20b.jpg (60699 bytes)
Andalus
326H
2.64gr 24mm
Vives 387
20c.jpg (53168 bytes)
Andalus
326H
2.52gr 22mm
Vives 387
21a.jpg (57981 bytes)
Andalus
327H
3.92gr 24mm
Vives 388
21b.jpg (61008 bytes)
Andalus
327H
3.04gr 26mm 
Vives 388
22a.jpg (75418 bytes)
Andalus
328H
3.94gr 26mm
Vives 389
22b.jpg (65288 bytes)
Andalus
328H
3.62gr 25mm
Vives 389
23a.jpg (68869 bytes)
Copper
(Andalus)
32(?)H
3.84gr 25mm

This coin was probably silver plated. It would be difficult to ascertain whether or not this coin was a product of the actual mint. Many of the coins struck for nearly a decade under the mint master Said ibn al Djassas are evidently of base silver. This led to public protestation and Said was duly put in jail. The leniency of the punishment and the extreme brevity of his stay in jail ( quick royal pardon) would perhaps indicate that this lengthy debasement of coinage was probably due to state policy and not just Saids greed.
24a.jpg (80624 bytes)
Andalus
329 H
3.02gr 26mm
Vives 392

There is some debate as to if this coin is not of the date 327H. See Al-Qantara, vol IX, 1988, pg 471-74.
25a.jpg (69889 bytes)
Andalus
330H
2.34gr 25mm
Vives 396
25b.jpg (69822 bytes)
Andalus
330H
3.14gr 25mm
Vives 396
26a.jpg (66974 bytes)
Andalus
331H
2.92gr 24mm
Vives 397
26b.jpg (74263 bytes)
Andalus
331H
2.82gr 24mm
Vives 397
27a.jpg (67853 bytes)
Andalus
332H
3.66gr 23mm
Vives 398
27b.jpg (64792 bytes)
Andalus
332H
3.62gr 23mm
Vives 398
28a.jpg (70007 bytes)
Andalus
332H
2.84gr 25mm
Vives 403
28b.jpg (60344 bytes)
Andalus
332H
2.80gr 23mm
Vives 403
29a.jpg (70730 bytes)
Andalus
333H
2.60gr 24mm
Vives 404
29b.jpg (62684 bytes)
Andalus
333H
3.04gr 24mm
Vives 404
30a.jpg (78162 bytes)
Andalus
334H
3.74gr 25mm
Vives 405
31a.jpg (61030 bytes)
Andalus
334H
2.56gr 23mm
Vives 407
32a.jpg (90033 bytes)
Andalus
334H
3.44gr 29mm
Vives 408
32b.jpg (95167 bytes)
Andalus
334H
3.54gr 30mm
Vives 408 
33a.jpg (97180 bytes)
Andalus
335H
3.60gr 30mm
Vives 409 
34a.jpg (69894 bytes)
Andalus
335H
2.06gr 25mm
Vives 411
35a.jpg (65595 bytes)
Andalus
335H
2.06gr 25mm
Numisma 237, pg 293, n3, this coin.
36a.jpg (87905 bytes)
Andalus
336H
3.08gr 26mm
Vives 413
36b.jpg (64646 bytes)
Andalus
336H
3.42gr 24mm
Vives 413
36c.jpg (73469 bytes)
Andalus
336H
3.36gr 24mm
Vives 413
36d.jpg (76835 bytes)
Andalus
336H
2.72gr 25mm
Vives 413
36e.jpg (68931 bytes)
Andalus
336H
3.42gr 25mm
Vives 413
36f.jpg (79524 bytes)
Andalus
336H
2.58gr 25mm
Vives 413
36a.jpg (87905 bytes)
Andalus
336H
3.08gr 26mm
Vives 413
38a.jpg (79661 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.90gr 25mm
Vives 417
38b.jpg (73268 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.24gr 24mm
Vives 435
38c.jpg (77118 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.70gr 24mm
Vives 417
38d.jpg (61889 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
3.20gr 24mm
Vives 417
38e.jpg (87699 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
3.72gr 26mm
Vives 417
38f.jpg (90910 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.84gr 25mm
Vives 417
38g.jpg (87039 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.64gr 26mm
Vives 417
38h.jpg (66856 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
3.30gr 24mm
Vives 417
38i.jpg (94042 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.22gr 26mm
Vives 417
38j.jpg (77602 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
337H
2.90gr 25mm
Vives 417 
Variant with fi before sanata. Miles 227ii.
39a.jpg (76488 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
3.28gr 24mm
Vives 418
39b.jpg (68491 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
3.58gr 24mm
Vives 418
39c.jpg (60998 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
3.06gr 22mm
Vives 418
39d.jpg (62442 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
3.08gr 22mm
Vives 418
39e.jpg (62552 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
3.54gr 24mm
Vives 418
39f.jpg (70127 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
338H
2.48gr 23mm
Vives 418
40a.jpg (67074 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
339H
3.04gr 24mm
Vives 419
40b.jpg (62507 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
339H
2.36gr 23mm
Vives 419
41a.jpg (66236 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.92gr 24mm
Vives 421
41b.jpg (59750 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.96gr 24mm
Vives 421
41c.jpg (81661 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
3.26gr 23mm
Vives 421
41d.jpg (50899 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.84gr 22mm
Vives 421
41e.jpg (57653 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.72gr 22mm
Vives 421
41f.jpg (59375 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.52gr 22mm
Vives 421
41g.jpg (60864 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
340H
2.54gr 23mm
Vives 421
42a.jpg (62759 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
2.88gr 22mm
Vives 422
42b.jpg (59662 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
3.28gr 24mm
Vives 422
42c.jpg (61486 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
2.44gr 22mm
Vives 422
42d.jpg (61486 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
2.72gr 23mm
Vives 422
43a.jpg (61682 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
341H
2.90gr 22mm
Vives 437
44a.jpg (59946 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
342H
2.80gr 22mm
Vives 424
44b.jpg (59946 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
342H
1.94gr 22mm
Vives 424
45a.jpg (60265 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
343H
2.88gr 22mm
Vives 425 variant IA, Frochoso, pg 46.
45b.jpg (59979 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
343H
3.08gr 22mm
Vives 425 variant IA, Frochoso, pg 46
46a.jpg (71167 bytes)
Andalus (?)
343H
3.43gr 22mm
Vives 446

Vives ( pg 54) considered this coin to be North African and probably from the mint of Fas, due to its aspect and the name al-Muizz. 
Miles (pg 233), reasonably, adds that it could be a counterfeit. The coins of Fas with the name Muizz do not appear until the last decade of that 4th century. The date on this coin is not that clear and could also be read as 393H., while the reading of the ruler, though probable, has quite a few epigraphic errors. The coin seems to be of good silver.

47a.jpg (61457 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
344H
3.16gr 23mm
Vives 427
48a.jpg (61575 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
345H
2.72gr 23mm
Vives 428
49a.jpg (71737 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
346H
3.14gr 24mm
Vives 429
50a.jpg (69101 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
346H
3.10gr 24mm
Vives 440
50b.jpg (72863 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
346H
3.12gr 25mm
Vives 440
50c.jpg (72812 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
346H
1.92gr 24mm
Vives 440
51a.jpg (63582 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
347H
1.96gr 23mm
Vives 441
52a.jpg (69927 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
348H
3.24gr 23mm
Vives 443
53a.jpg (69644 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
348H
2.568gr 25mm
Vives 431
54a.jpg (55757 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
349H
2.32gr 22mm
Vives 444
55a.jpg (50012 bytes)
Madinat al-Zahra`
350H
2.08gr 22mm
Vives 445
Coins struck by North African rulers in the name of Abd al- Rahman III.
Al-Buri ibn Musa "al- Wathiq.." ( According to Ibn Khaldun, al-Buri died in 345H.).
56a.jpg (36477 bytes)
Fractional dirham
(date & mint not readable)
1.26gr 16mm
Saenz-Diez, pg 72.

Al-Khayr ibn Muhammad al-Maghrawi
57a.jpg (40942 bytes)
Fractional dirham
( mint not readable)
330H (?) 
1.75gr 17mm

Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Numismatics ( London, 1986), pg 417-421, this coin.
First identified correctly by N. M. Lowick of the British Museum.

 

 

doublearrowlefttop.gif (1491 bytes)
Back to
collection
main page
doublearrowleft.gif (1367 bytes)
Back to
to
Caliphate
arrowright.gif (1101 bytes)
Forward to 
al-Hakam II
doublearrowright.gif (1365 bytes)
Forward to Taifas